Equal Education in the Eastern Cape says the COVID-19 pandemic has had an immense impact on the education system of the country, especially in the rural areas.
The organisation’s Thulisiwe Nkatsha says the pandemic has also highlighted the inequality between public and independent schools.
Independent schools have already begun with their 2021 academic programme, while public school learners will only go to class on February 15.
“That some independent schools are currently operating, and that some public schools may offer remote learning for the first two weeks of February, means that learners from poorly resourced schools will get left behind. The right to learning for all children must be protected,” Equal Education says.
The Department of Basic Education delayed the opening of public schools by two weeks due to the second wave of the COVID-19 in the country.
Equal Education is urging DBE and provincial education departments to use this time to ensure that the non-negotiables are in place so that schools can safely reopen as soon as possible. “We understand the need to ease the pressure on our health system, but we also worry about the negative impact of extended school closures on learning, and on the mental and physical wellbeing of learners.”
One grade 11 learner from the Eastern Cape has also expressed worry over the delays in schools’ reopening.
“I don’t feel very well about schools being delayed. It makes me feel under pressure as I’m going to do Grade 11. I believe there’s a lot of work to do in Grade 11 so I won’t be able to cover all the work. The positive thing about the delays is that [what] the Department can do in the meantime is to fix classrooms, give more textbooks, [and] build a library and computer labs in other schools,” says Mihlali Snyman. – Report compiled by Qaqamba Mdunyelwa from the Alfred Nzo Community Radio news team.
The festive season won’t be the same in the Eastern Cape this year, with fewer travelling after losing their livelihoods during the lockdown and physical distancing at traditional ceremonies on the cards.
In a year in which millions of people have faced death, job losses and financial devastation owing to the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdown, there is nothing some want more than to relax in their family homesteads in the Eastern Cape in December.
“I cannot resist going home in December,” said Nombulelo Mrwata from New Rest in Gugulethu, Cape Town. Mrwata, who has worked in a kitchen for the same employer for 13 years but was paid a reduced wage during lockdown, is heading to Lady Frere this month. The 63-year-old, who has high blood pressure and arthritis, lost her sister-in-law to the coronavirus. Her family also lost a young child because of the pandemic.
Nozipho Maphuphu, 45, lives with her two adult sons in the Ladies Park extension of the Kwakhikhi shack settlement near Gugulethu, which was built by the children of former hostel dwellers to offset the effects of overcrowding in the main hostel. Nozipho’s sister, Nomalungisa Maphuphu, 36, lives with them and was about to give birth at the time of writing. Only one of Nozipho’s sons still has work, as a security guard.
Nozipho went home to the Eastern Cape briefly during lockdown for a funeral. “But to me, being home means staying there for over a month, and then I will feel good about being home,” she said, adding that the family leaves for Cofimvaba on 13 December.
Funeka Mshweshwe is heading home from Cape Town a few days before Christmas to Gatyane in Willowvale, Eastern Cape. “My only concern is the amount needed to make the trip, as adults pay about R700 each way,” she said.
Mshweshwe had a terrible year after her uncle died from the coronavirus and she lost her job at an early childhood centre. She said her three young sons suddenly found themselves waiting at home while she went to look for food.
“Boy children always raid the bread bin and finding it empty, they throw a tantrum. It seems bread is a boy’s lifeline. My brother-in-law also lost his job. This meant my sister’s four children had to come stay with us. Suddenly, they were seven [children] in the house. I just couldn’t take it.” She was eventually offered a stipend to work at the crèche, which she said helped a little.
‘It was tough’
Fuku Maqendwanana, 71, is planning to leave the Cyril Ramaphosa shack settlement in Cape Town and move to the village of Gqaga in Engcobo, Eastern Cape. He said many of his church friends had died from the coronavirus. Five of his six sons lost their jobs and were no longer able to support him and his wife. “It was tough for me, but even tougher for my sons, shame,” he said.
Gugulethu-based long-distance truck driver and father of two, Onke Khusa, 30, and his five siblings all lost their jobs during lockdown. “I’m holding piece jobs so I can leave for Cofimvaba in December, though,” said Khusa.
For others who lost their jobs this year, there is no way to afford the trip home. Bonelele Mbilini, 34, a resident of the Lingelethu shack settlement near Motherwell in Port Elizabeth lost her job as a farm worker, packing oranges. “I can’t visit my family in Tsomo because I have no money. This coming holiday, I won’t do umcimbi [traditional function] at all because my husband and I don’t have jobs,” she said.
Mandlenkosi Mazonda, 58, of Kamvelihle in Port Elizabeth, works as a driver. “Sometimes I argue with my wife when I only bring R150 from work, because since this COVID-19 virus I sometimes worked two or three days a week. All my earnings went into deductions. I want to go home in December but I have no money. There will be many events such as weddings and initiation ceremonies. In December, we will sit here and look at each other in the eyes,” he said.
Lungisa Dyasi, 42, from Zwide in Port Elizabeth lived and worked in Cape Town for 19 years. But after the coronavirus outbreak, he built a stand to sell fruit and vegetables and made “bank stools” (wooden chairs) and dog kennels. “Here at home, we are a family of seven and depend on our parent’s social grant to survive, which is not enough. Now I’m not sure how to plan for December holidays because the institutions I supplied have closed down, therefore there’s no way I can afford to travel,” he said.
A number of small Eastern Cape villages and rural towns were not badly affected by the coronavirus this year, helped by the isolated nature of these areas and social distancing. Some pensioners across the province, even in the busy townships of KwaNobuhle and Mdantsane isolated themselves with signs on their doors stating “Please, no visitors”.
“Not many people lost their lives in Xolorha village, and because the houses are built far apart, we are not scared of immediate infections. I haven’t heard of people close who have succumbed to the disease,” said Nombulelo Mbotho, 50, who owns a spaza shop in the village.
Festive season plans
However, celebratory gatherings such as traditional functions where dozens of people cook and eat close to one another have barely taken place in lockdown. But they are a large part of the festive season. December traditional functions are also an important part of local economies. Many village-based farmers aim to make enough money to support their extended families over the coming year by selling cattle and sheep to those arriving from the major cities.
Mvusiwekhaya Sicwetsha, the spokesperson for Eastern Cape premier Oscar Mabuyane, said there is an “emerging surge” of coronavirus cases in the province. “One of the activities for this season are cultural and family events. For these, too, we urge restraint and alert,” he said.
Sicwetsha said the provincial government wanted all universities in the province to put lockdowns in place on their campuses until the end of the academic year at the first sign of a COVID-19 outbreak. The Eastern Cape government has also set up 100 rapid response teams trained to combat “the possible second wave” in the 100 municipal wards that experienced high numbers of coronavirus cases during the first wave of the pandemic.
He said the government is aware that more “superspreader” events may emerge. Last month, 125 University of Fort Hare students tested positive within three weeks in one of the “superspreader” incidents. They were taken to the Bisho hospital isolation site while 423 other students had to be tested and self-isolate.
Sicwetsha said that while ulwaluko (traditional circumcision) was prohibited across South Africa, the provincial executive council would be asking the national government “to allow ulwaluko for the December season”.
But signalling a major change in the traditional practice of circumcision camps being under the sole management of the ikhankatha, who is in charge of the camp for the initiates, Sicwetsha said that if ulwaluko was allowed “each family of a young boy that will undergo ulwaluko will be responsible for the wellbeing of their child by ensuring wearing of masks, regular washing of hands with soap and water, and limiting numbers of people in each ibhoma to enforce social distancing”.
The government is banking on people continuing to wear masks and physically distance throughout their stay in the rural areas.
But in the village of Qunu, two grade 11 students say they feel that traditional functions must be postponed until December 2021. “Because as soon as people get drunk, wearing of masks and social distancing won’t be practised. In fact, we should rather postpone all events this year. The elders need to apologise to ancestors for the promises they could not keep,” said Aluve Zenani, 21.
His friend, Luvumo Kwatsha, 19, agreed, saying “all those people who want to celebrate this December should wait for next year at least. Life is more important than imicimbi”.
But their classmate, Khaya Mahlabedlula, 21, said, “Customs and traditions are part of our lives. We are obliged to do them as Africans. If we don’t do the ceremonies, some of us will be sick.
“In some situations, traditional healers are called to communicate with the ancestors. We can still do the events as long as we practise social distancing, wash our hands regularly and wear masks, and maintain the limit of people attending the event.”
This article by Anna Majavu, Bonile Bam and Tarzan Mbita was first published on social justice media publication, New Frame.
Transport Minister Fikile Mbalula has urged the leaders and people of Pondoland and the Eastern Cape to support Sanral’s multi-billion rand N2 Wild Coast Road Project.
He was speaking at the handover ceremony of the recently completed rural access roads to the communities of Sigidi and Makwantini in the Alfred Nzo Municipality.
“The N2 Wild Coast Road Project is the economic artery that is going to bring the Eastern Cape alive,” the Minister says.
He adds that it is a strategic project that will provide a national route to improves access to the east coast region of South Africa while reducing road-user costs and optimising safety, comfort and socio-economic benefits.
The Minister says more than 6 000 jobs are expected to be created during the project.
“Development must be community driven – that is why we are involving women and youth from local communities in the building,” Mbalula told community members.
The community of Xolobeni meanwhile surprised some people after gathering in Sigidi to welcome the Minister.
The residents have been at loggerheads with the Department of Mineral Resources over the issuing of mining rights to an Australian company without the community’s consent.
Their peaceful gathering was, however, marred by a heavy police presence, which some South Africans have slated.
The Hawks have made the unit’s first Eastern Cape arrest regarding the misappropriation of COVID-19 funds.
Pumza Gambula (49) appeared before the Mthatha Magistrate’s Court early on Thursday on two fraud charges, amounting to R4.8 million.
The OR Tambo District Municipality contracted Gambula’s company, Phathilizwi Training Institute, to conduct COVID-19 door-to-door community awareness workshops.
While the company did visit residents of Mhlontlo and Port St John’s Local Municipalities, they allegedly never conducted the workshops that they have submitted invoices for. They instead allegedly asked community members to write down their names for COVID-19 social grants.
The prosecuting team says attendance registers attached to the invoices as proof of services rendered contained names of people who were not staying in some of the wards that were visited by the accused as part of their “door-to-door awareness campaign.
These documents were widely circulated on social media and sparked a public outcry.
Gambula was never paid for the R3 036 000 and R1 821 600 invoices she submitted between March and June. However, the state says the municipality stood to suffer a potential prejudice by means of the said false pretenses.
Gambula has been granted R20 000 bail and is due back in court next week Friday.
The court has ordered her to hand over her passport to the investigating officer and report to Madeira Police Station twice a week until the trial is finalised.
Reports have emerged of growing child labour practice in Mbizana, in the Eastern Cape.
According to SABC News, children as young as 10 years old are used as child labourers for illegal sand mining at Hlolweni village.
Hunger and unemployment are cited as the main reasons for this.
A 14-year-old teenager told the public broadcaster that they do what they do to put food on the table.
A local NGO has raised concern over this, calling for swift action to address the matter.
Section 28 of the South African Constitution protects children from exploitative labour practices; from work that is inappropriate for a child’s age, and work that puts the child’s education and physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development at risk.
Despite this, however, in 2015 almost 600 000 children – mostly 16-17-year-olds – were reportedly engaged in labour in the country.
Black children were found to be more likely to be involved in the practice when compared to other population groups.